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A History of Competition: The Impact of Antitrust on Hong Kong's Telecommunications Markets
2019, 29 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 931 (2019)
"Hong Kong has only had cross-sector competition law since 2015, but the city’s telecommunications markets have been subject to sector-specific antitrust provisions for over two decades. The importance of nurturing an efficient, innovative, and competitive telecoms industry for Hong Kong’s economic prosperity was acknowledged already at the time the sector was liberalized in the 1990s. Yet until the late 2000s, the government vehemently opposed the adoption of competition law in virtually all ...
Distribution Agreements Under China's Monopoly Law and the Hong Kong Competition Ordinance
2017, China Antitrust Law Journal Vol. 1(1), 2017
"This paper discusses the use of distribution restraints in China and Hong Kong, and attempts to develop a general framework for their analysis under the Anti-Monopoly Law ('AML') and the Competition Ordinance ('CO'). The (limited) evidence available thus far suggests that vertical restrictions are commonplace in these jurisdictions, and that they may well have adverse effects on competition, particularly when they affect resale prices. However, since economic theory is ambivalent as to their e ...
Getting the Deal Through - Cartel Regulation 2018 - Hong Kong
2017, Getting the Deal Through - Cartel Regulation 2018
"Section 6 of the Competition Ordinance 2012 (Cap 619 of the Laws of Hong Kong) (the Ordinance) prohibits cartel conduct in Hong Kong. The substantive provisions came into effect on 14 December 2015.

The Competition Commission (the Commission) and the Communications Authority (CA) issued six guidelines under the Ordinance on 27 July 2015 (the Guidelines). The Guidelines provide guidance on how the Commission and the CA intend to interpret and apply the provisions of the Ordinance. In ...
Hong Kong Competition Commission's First Legal Action: An Economic Perspective
2017, International Antitrust Bulletin, Vol. 2, 2017, p.11-13
"Hong Kong passed its first comprehensive competition law ('Competition Ordinance') in June 2012, and the law came into full effect in December 2015. On March 23, 2017, the Hong Kong Competition Commission ('HKCC') took its first legal action and filed a complaint against five firms in the information technology ('IT') industry with the Competition Tribunal. ...
The Perks of Being a Whistleblower: Designing Efficient Leniency Programs in New Antitrust Jurisdiction
2017, 50 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 5 (2017)
"In 1978, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) introduced a new method to detect cartels known as the Corporate Leniency Policy. The rationale behind the system, also referred to as amnesty or immunity program, was rather straightforward: the DOJ would vow not to punish a company involved in an illegal cartel in exchange for a confession and cooperation which would enable the indictment of other cartel members. Although the policy was largely unused in its original formulation, it plan ...